One Night in Bhambhore



Bhambhore is the same city which is mentioned by Sir V S Naipaul in his ‘Among the Believers : An Islamic Journey’ (1981). Naipaul writes:

“Chach rules for forty years. It is Chach who repulses the first Arab attack, a sea attack on the port of  Bhambhore (Debal). On Chach’s death, the kingdom passes to Chach’s brother and then to his son, Dahar… Dahar consults an astrologer who predicts good fortune but this clouded by what the astrologer says about Dahar’s sister. The man Dahar’s sister marries, the astrologer says, will rule the kingdom…So Dahar goes through a marriage ceremony with his sister. Much is made of this incident, though it has no important sequel. It serves only -in this Persian Arab narrative-to stress that the kingdom of Sind is morally blighted, and the cause of the dynasty of Chach cannot prosper. Attention shifts now to the Arabs…After the failure of the first two expeditions against Sind, the third Caliph, Osman or Uthman (644-56) orders a detailed report on the affairs of “Hind or Sindh”-its rules of war, its strategy, the nature of its government, the structure of its society… “O Hakim,” the caliph says, “have you seen Hindustan and learnt all about it?”

“Yes, O commander of the faithful”

“Give us a description of it.”

Its water is dark and dirty. Its fruit is bitter and poisonous. Its land is stony and its earth is salt. A small army will soon be annihilated there, and a large one will soon die of hunger… Towards the end of the seventh century Hajjaj becomes governor of “Iraq, Sind and Hind…Hajjaj’s army is defeated by King Dahar’s son… Hajjaj selects 6000 experienced soldiers from Syria, appoints as general his 17 year old son-in-law, Mohammed Bin Qasim…”


Bhambore was an ancient port city of Debal from the 7th century, located near modern Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan, at the base of the Indus River. The city was long known for acting as the trading links between Arab and South Asian nations of its times. It was the gateway of Islam in the Indian subcontinent. In fact the first mosque in the subcontinent ‘ The Grand Mosque’ was built there. Before the invasion by Mohammad Bin Kasim, the city was mostly populated by Hindus and a minority of Buddhists.  The city was ruled by a Hindu King.


On the other hand Bhambhore is immortalized in the famous love story of Sassui-Punnhun of Sindh. The city is famously mentioned in the old Sindhi language folk song ‘Pere Pavandi Saan’ which narrates the folktale of Sassui-Punnhun. The story is about a faithful wife ‘Sassui’ (from Bhambhore, Sindh) who is ready to undergo all kinds of troubles that would come her way while seeking her beloved husband ‘Punnhun’ (from Makran, Balochistan) who was separated from her by the rivals. This folktale has been used as parable by one the greatest Sindhi Sufi Poet Shah Abdul Latif (1689-1752) for seeker on mystical path who undergoes all kinds of tribulations in the quest of God whom he will find, at the end of the road, in his own heart like  Sassui, roaming in the wilderness and talking to the beasts, becomes something like feminine counter part Majnun (the persian symbol of true love).  Shah Abdul Latif sings this historic tale in his anthology of sufi poetry (Shah Jo Risalo) as an example of eternal love and union with Divine.

Composed in Sindhi language, this song ‘Pere Pavandi Saan’ has long been sung during weddings by women in Sindh Region.
Sindhi language is a direct descendant of  VrachaD Aprabhamsa and is  spoken by a large number of people  in India and Pakistan. It is spoken in Sindh and Balochistan in Pakistan where it is taught as a first language in the government schools. Sindhi is also widely spoken in India by a huge population.It is one of the major literary languages of India recognized in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. In India it is usually spoken by people who, after migration from Sindhi due to partition of the country in 1947 have settled mainly in Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi. Significant number of Sindhi speaking people reside in South India and in some other regions of the country. Among the modern Indian language, Sindhi is the only language which is not an official language of any particular state. It is also widely spoken in Ulhasnagar near Mumbai which is the largest Sindhi enclave in India.

It is impossible not to enjoy and cherish the melodies that come right from our own soil and roots; every harmony is a reservoir of history, every chorus is unique and every stanza becomes a holy verse. Kudos to ‘Coke Studio – Pakistan’ for bringing this uniquely multilingual heritage of South Asia in the limelight. Sindhi folk songs are cultural treasures for the world. Long live this pluralistic tradition of South Asia. Here is the Devanagari rendering of this amazing Sindhi song sung by Tahir Mithu :

पेरि पवंडी साँ, चवनडी साँ
रहि वन रात भंभोर में अल्लाह
पेरि पवंडी साँ, चवनडी साँ
रहि वन रात भंभोर में अल्लाह
सिंदड़ी में, भंभोर में
उठ तै आरिए जाम, मा जा मियाँ हो अल्लाह
हो उठ तै आरिए जाम, मा जा मियाँ हो
आरिए जाम जा, पुन्हल जाम जा
आरिए जाम जा, पुन्हल जाम जा
वागाँ वठन डी साँ, चवनडी साँ
रहि वन रात भंभोर में अल्लाह
पेरि पवंडी साँ
सिंदड़ी में, भंभोर में
रोज़ो पाक रसूल जो मियाँ हो अल्लाह
हो रोज़ो पाक रसूल जो मियाँ, मिठ्ठे रसूल जो, सोहणे रसूल जो, प्यारे रसूल जो, सोहणे रसूल जो
चौठ चूम्मनेडी साँ, चवणडी साँ
रहि वन रात भंभोर में अल्लाह
पेरि पवंडी साँ
सिंदड़ी में, भंभोर में
अद्नूँ, शाह लतीफ चै मियाँ हो अल्लाह
भिट जो गोह्ट लतीफ चै मियाँ, अद्नूँ लतीफ चै, लायक लतीफ चै, ललौं लतीफ चै, भिट जो लतीफ चै
लोहे लहन डी साँ, चवनडी साँ
पेरि पवंडी साँ, चवनडी साँ
रहि वन रात भंभोर में अल्लाह
सिंदड़ी में, भंभोर में…..

Listen to the song here :

7 thoughts on “One Night in Bhambhore

  1. Very nice link.
    Here, I want to see the forts tombes, homes of mir Jalal khan, Mir Hoth khan, Mir Chakur khan , Mir Aali khan,mazari at Bhambore. Mir SAHAK Khan Mazari, mir Bezan khan Siah laaf , Kuhlo., Mir Shadhen khan mazari, Balachh khan mazari, Mir Radho mazari Mir Bhando Mazari, mir Badhel, Mir Shaho, Mir Haidher, Mir Haivethan at Bbhambore. , I request to all Residetinal of Bhambore, to support. Thanks

  2. My shajra-Nasib Abba-o-Ajdad.
    Mir Shadhen his son name were Mir Bhando.
    Mir Bhando Have Three SONS
    1. Mir Badhel khan Mazari.
    2. Mir Shaho khan Mazari.
    3. Mir Pandagh khan Mazari.
    I belong to Mir Shaho khan Mazari Balachani.
    Mir Balakh Sher Mazari Belong to Mir Badhel khan Tumandar mazari Tribe.
    Now days Mir Balakh sher khan mazari Balachani is ours 21st Sardar of Mazari tribe to live long.

  3. Continue.
    Mir shaho has Three Sons, the elder son,s name is Mir Haidher khan. .
    After death of his Uncle namelly Mir Bahdel khan The Haidher khan have remained a Chief of mazari tribe, thus for, Mir Haibetan khan Balachani Son of Mir Haidher khan has remained the Chief of Mazari,s Tribe for a few years, so Mir Haibetan khan were a weak Chief of mazari, just like to Mir Hamal khan Son of Mir Badhel khan chief Mazari.
    Contineue.

  4. C/O.
    Mir Badhil khan, Mir Shaho and Paindagh khan mazari are Son of Mir Shadhen khan, Grand son Mir Sahak khan Mazari,
    Mir Blakh Sher Mazari, grand son of Mir Badhel khan.
    Me Ismail Mazari Grand Son of Mir Shaho khan.
    After Death of Mir Badhil khan, mir Haidher khan made a Sardar of Mazari tribe, after death of Mir Haidher khan, his Son Mir Haibethan khan mazari remain Sardar of Mazari, after his death, then the sardari Pagh came in control of Forefathers of Mir Balakh Sher khan mazari, up to this time, He is a Tumandar of Mazari, may He live long. Aameen.

  5. Mahmood Mohyuddin Al-Gillani–Grand Son of Khan of Kalat Ahmed Yar Khan

    30
    NOV
    Mahmood Mohyuddin Al-GillaniMahmood Mohyuddin Al-Gillani: Son of Tahir Allauddin Al-Qadri Al-Gillani.

    Tahir Allauddin Al-Qadri, 17th descendant of the Shaykh Abdul-Qadir Gilani and the 28th descendant of Islamic prophet Muhammad (SAW), was a Sufi leader who migrated to Quetta, Balochistan, and married the daughter of the Khan of Kalat Ahmed Yar Khan.

    Leave a comment
    Posted by @H_Balouch on November 30, 2012 in Balochistan, History, Khan of Kalat

    Propaganda Against Akber Bugti

    24
    AUG
    In earlier Post I exposed the Propaganda of Baloch fake ids & BLA literature about the Balochistan and Pakistan joining.

    This same group also title Akber bugti as “Saheed-E-Balochistan” and Claim that Akber Bugti fight and gave his life for the “Freedom of Balochisstan”. Fact is Akber Bugti(like Khan of Kalat during 1947 ) never used “Free Balochistan” or “Greater Balochistan” slogans, nor the tried for these.

    Akber bugti in his Speech rejected the BLA literature claim about Balochistan merger with Pakistan, Its strange, that BLA use the name of Akber bugti as “Shaheed E Balochistan” but do not follow his views about Balochistan History.

    Similarly, about Dera Bugti operation, BLA literature claim that Akber Bugti fought for the freedom of Balochistan, which is also wrong and against the views of Akber bugti views. Akber Bugti did not used “Azadi Slogan” in any time during his fight against Military operation, till his last breath he did not ask for freedom in any interview to local media and international media.

    Here is Video clip of Akber Bugti Speech in Balochi (its said that is his speech before his martyrdom)

    During this speech, Akber Bugti did not use any word against Pakistan, He asked for the Resistance for Baloch rights, but also clearly mentioned “resistance does not mean war”, nor he asked the people ( like hairbyar and other militants ) to come out of their homes and fight with the government.

    Even if you dont under stand the Balochi, here is clue, Just check the video from 4:15 onward, and see how the “voice of akber bugti is changed at 4:20 in support of “Baloch resistance movement”🙂

    1 Comment
    Posted by @H_Balouch on August 24, 2012 in Baloch, Balochistan, BLA BLF BRA, History, Pakistan, Patriotic Baloch

    Tags: Akber bugti
    11 August, Independence day of Balochistan?

    10
    AUG
    After the Social media boom in Pakistan, and so much news channels, it become very much difficult to know that what is real and what is the fake story.

    Among few fake stories, now a days, some Baloch Fake ids are spreading since Musheraf government time that “11 August is the Independence day of Balochistan”.

    Among this lie series, the biggest and most quoted lie is “Balochistan become the part of Pakistan with force”, by knowingly or unknowingly they shrink whole “Balochistan” to “Kalat state”, it is totally wrong to refer Kalat state as “Balochistan”.

    Fact is in 1947 time, Balochistan consisted of four princely states three of them were Makran,LasBela and Kharan.These state willingly joined with Pakistan in 1947 during the Partition of sub continent and Fourth state was Kalat State.

    From Below Comments:

    The 11 Aug 1947 event was essentially Kalat’s attempt to break away, but the agreement the Khan and Quaid-e-Azam signed on 4 Aug 1947 essentially made Kalat accept the suzerainty of Pakistan and that Pakistan would control Kalat’s foreign affairs, defence etc pending any negotiations!

    Nationalists often cite how Kalat’s upper and lower houses rejected idea of joining Pakistan, but they leave the fact out that firstly these houses only had representatives of Kalat and Makran (none from Kharan, Lasbela or British Baluchistan province) and that they were essentially dummy advisory parliaments that the Khan had given little or no powers on.

    The Khan wanted to be supreme ruler of Kalat and its states, and that did not bode well with Jam Ghulam Qadir Khan of Lasbela, Nawab Habibullah Khan Nausherwani of Kharan, and Nawab Bai Khan Gichki of Makran. All of them were related to Khan via marriages but they did not want the Khan to decide their destiny and all of them had a history of opposing too much control sought by Kalat on their territories for centuries.

    So they were easily persuaded to join Pakistan by March 1948 just to avoid the Khan’s desire for complete control. British Baluchistan had already joined Pakistan by 1947 thanks to vote of Shahi Jirga and Quetta Municipal Board, and the accession of Kharan, Lasbela, and the Makran meant that Kalat was now screwed and surrounded by Pakistani territory! Meaning the Khan realised his folly and signed accessed on 17 March 1948.

    Army only entered Kalat because the Khan’s brother, Abdul Karim, had rebelled against Pakistan with some 100 followers and attempted to launch an armed struggle which proved to be futile.

    About army operation against Khan of Kalat, Khan of Kalat Meer Ahmed Yar Khan himself wrote in his biography book that operation was because of the misinformation, which was created by army generals of that time.

    After that so-called “operation”, Khan of Kalat remained with Pakistan, never spoke against Pakistan and never supported any rebellion activity. Here is picture of Khan of Kalat sitting with Akber Bugti and Bhuto:

    Later, Khan Of Kalat also become the Governor of Balochistan, And one most of Pakistanis dont know that Khan of Kalat, served Pakistani government as a “Ambesstor of Pakistan in Holand“

    Here is video of “Shaheed-E-Balochistan” Akber Bugti (in Balochi language) explaining the Merger of Pakistan with Balochistan:

    Acording to AKber Bugti: After UK decieded to leave sub continent, the representatives of Baloch were asked about their decision to Join Pakistan or India, the Majority of Baloch Leaders vote for Pakistan, and than hence Balochistan became the part of Pakistan.

    Akber Bugti further said: As our forefathers remained loyal to this country(Pakistan), till this date we proudly say that we are loyal to this country. Our respect and loyalty is still like our forefathers.

    This same Akber Bugti went on mountains against the army operation during Musheraf time, but during that fight he never speak against Pakistan and never raise the slogan of “Azad Balochistan”.

    10 Comments
    Posted by @H_Balouch on August 10, 2012 in 11 August, Akber Bugti, Balochistan, History, Pakistan, Video Corner

    Tags: 11 August, Balochistan merger with Pakistan, Independence day, Pakistan
    {August 26}, Akbar Khan Bugti`s Death anniversary

    26
    AUG
    26 August,2001: 5 Death Annersary of Newab Akber Khan Bugti. After 5 years Passed,Unfortunately We see no remarkable progress in Akbar Bugti Murder Case.

    Ajj TV Report on Akber Bugti Second anniversary.

    Akber Bugti`s Life in Pics

    Akber Bugti with Qaid-e-Azam

    Akber Bugti with Bhuto & Khan of Kalat
    Akber Bugti and Tike KhanAkber Bugti and Freedom Fighters -1973

    Akber Bugti as Governor Balochistan

    Baloch`s Love for Akber Bugti

    Baloch`s Haterd for Musheraf

    Leave a comment
    Posted by @H_Balouch on August 26, 2011 in Akber Bugti, Balochistan, History, Pakistan, Video Corner

    Akber Bugti, Bhuto and Khan of Kalat

    11
    AUG
    This Photo is dedicated to all those who speak “Lies about 11 August”!!

    Leave a comment
    Posted by @H_Balouch on August 11, 2011 in 11 August, Akber Bugti, History, Pakistan

    Tags: 11 August, Balochistan, Pakistan
    From Shahabnaama..Pakistan & ISLAM

    02
    APR

    Most of our “desi liberal” change the History by claiming that “Pakistan ka matlab kiya… LaIllah Illillah” was “manufactured” by Zia Ul Haq. But Below we see selection of very authentic book “ShahabNama” wirtten by Qudratullah Shab. This is the story when he was the Principal Secretary of President Ayub Khan and when 1962 constitution was passed:

    After the passing of 1962 constitution, I noticed something
    peculiar that in all the documents of
    the government, the word ‘Islam’ was
    not written with the name of Pakistan.
    First, I thought that it might be an
    error in the drafting, but after some
    days I came to know that the error was
    repeated several times and it seemed
    more intentional than unintentional. I
    wrote a note to President Ayub Khan to
    allow me to write a letter to all the
    ministries about this frequent error.
    One evening, He came to me and told me
    that it is not an error but we have
    taken this decision with a general
    consensus. President Ayub Khan told
    me that the name of Pakistan will be
    “Republic of Pakistan” instead of
    “Islamic Republic of Pakistan”. If I
    had the courage, I would have asked
    him : “Who are you to eliminate the
    word ‘Islam’ from the name of
    Pakistan?” However I came back home
    and wrote a two pages note, the
    summary of which is as following:

    Pakistan has no escape from Islam. The
    history of this country is very old
    but its geography is new. The
    Red-cliff line between Pakistan and
    India was drawn for the purpose that
    we acquired this piece of land on the
    name of Islam. If now Islam is erased
    from the name of Pakistan, the
    limitation of this line will have no
    meaning. We became Pakistan for the
    sole reason that we are Muslims. If
    Afghanistan, Iran, Egypt, Iraq and
    Turkey eliminate Islam from their
    lives, they would still retain their
    identity as Afghans, Irani, Egyptian,
    Iraqi and Turks. But if we,
    Pakistanis, try to escape from Islam,
    Pakistan will not have any distinction
    of its own. Now, if Islam suits our
    luxurious life or not, Islam fits to
    our way of life or not, We personally
    follow Islam or not, the truth is that
    whether for the sake of saving our
    hereafter or for the worldly profit
    and selfishness, we are compelled to
    keep Pakistan and Islam parallel to
    each other for the sake of the long
    lasting of Pakistan. Due to the
    illiteracy of others, there is no need
    to go into the inferiority complex
    yourself.

    In addition to this note, I also wrote a resignation letter to resign
    if this note is not accepted. Next Day
    President Ayub came to me to tell me
    something, He sat infront of me and
    took that note from my hand and
    started reading it. After reading few
    sentences, his facial expressions
    changed suddenly and he started
    reading from the beginning again.Then
    he said slowly: “Yes, Right You Are”
    and repeated this sentence again, and
    hence the word ‘Islam’ was added to
    the name of Pakistan. 

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